Configuration management incorporates the specified description and updating of records related to an business enterprise software and hardware. This article lists the pinnacle 10 free and open supply equipment that can help you carry out configuration control with no trouble.
Configuration control usually includes the updates and the variations which have been carrie out to software packages, as well as places and network addresses of hardware gadgets. When a machine needs a software or hardware upgrade, the person can get right of entry to the CM software and database to look what is presently installed and then make a greater knowledgeable choice approximately the upgradation needed.It reduces redundant work . Their are some Hardware Configuration Management Tools .
- Successfully manages simultaneous updates
- Avoids configuration associated troubles
- Simplifies coordination between team contributors
- It is useful in monitoring defects
We Have Some Tools for configuration control :
CFEngine is one of the maximum famous open supply and completely allotted CM structures and presents computerized configuration compute assets. In addition, it provides cohesive control and tracking of bodily or digital machines, tablets, embedded gadgets, cloud and cell smartphones, and may be referred to as an IT infrastructure automation framework. It is to be had in open supply and commercial flavours. CFEngine is based on guidelines, which can be used to set up or patch up structures and are made of guarantees.
The latter are confirmed often to make sure full compliance with a preferred nation. Bringing assets into the favored kingdom for compliance with guidelines is referre to as convergence. All rules are made to be had to all sources with the usage of the policy server. This server monitors compute sources across the IT community, based on rules. Client hosts want to ensure that they continuously fetch the present day and most updated rules from the policy server and they remain compliant based totally at the set of commands to be had within the policy language.
Components inside the CFEngine are impartial marketers and are the idea of automation.
Juju is an open supply configuration control and orchestration management device. It allows applications to be deploy, included and scale on numerous forms of cloud systems quicker and greater efficiently. Users to export and import application architectures and reproduce the equal surroundings at one of a kind stages on cloud platforms such as Joyent, Amazon Web Services, Windows Azure, HP Cloud and IBM.
It is use to configure, set up, scale, manage, screen, diagnose, notify and efficaciously preserve (thru using best practices) Charms (applications as services) in any deployment version, such as public, non-public and hybrid clouds both from a powerful GUI or the command-line. It also supports customisation of Charms the use of Chef, Puppet or another CM device.
The primary mechanism in the back of Juju is referred to as Charms that may be written in any programming language, whose execution is supported thru the command line. They are a set of YAML configuration files.
Clients are available for Ubuntu, Windows and Mac operating structures. Once you put in the patron, environments may be bootstrapped on diverse cloud structures together with Windows Azure, HP Cloud, Joyent, Amazon Web Services and IBM.
Juju supports the GUI in addition to the command line. It has a more feature-wealthy command line in evaluation to what can be accomplished via the GUI, which helps the drag and drop characteristic to create a software program stack. Juju is limited to Ubuntu at the server side. Its Python version has a network patch to aid CentOS.
Rudder is an open supply CM tool for managing IT infrastructures. It is writte in Scala and works on top of the CFEngine. Rudder affords features inclusive of host inventory, a Web interface, reusable guidelines, a policy editor, era of according to-host policies, API, alternate requests, and so forth.
Rudders asset control feature identifies nodes and their characteristics that may be beneficial to carry out configuration control. CM applies regulations on nodes. Rudder uses the asset control function to perceive nodes for configuration management.
Ansible is an open supply platform for CM, orchestration and deployment of compute sources. It manages assets with using SSH (Paramiko, a Python SSH2 implementation, or popular SSH). Ansible supports and is to be had for CentOS and Red Hat Enterprise Linux, and it is also available as a business product by way of Ansible Inc. It is built on the popular Python language. It is viable to put in Ansible through the use of the Git repository a twin of a master server. Ansible is agentless. Its layout dreams are regular, at ease, minimum in nature and fairly dependable, and it is straightforward to study.
Its major features are:
- Resources are deliver to the Ansible configuration.
- SSH authorize keys or sudo credentials (root get admission to isn’t wished) are wanted for every manage compute resource primarily base at the consumer.
- Ansibles master server communicates with the compute resources the use of SSH and performs all the essential obligations.
- Ansible deploys modules to compute assets.
- It video display units portions such as CPU resources.
Playbooks are configuration documents in Ansible, which use YAML syntax. Ansible has a group of modules to control assets on various cloud systems including Amazon EC2 and OpenStack.
Ansible helps deployments on diverse virtualisation structures as well as public and private cloud environments including KVM, AWS, VMware, Eucalyptus Cloud, OpenStack and CloudStack. It additionally helps deployment of Big Data and analytics environments which includes Hadoop, Riak and Aerospike.
Salt is an open source multitasking CM and far flung execution device. It has a Python-primarily based technique to represent infrastructure as a code philosophy. The far off execution engine is the heart of Salt. It creates a high velocity and bi-directional conversation network for a collection of resources. A Salt nation is a quick and flexible CM system on pinnacle of the communique gadget furnished via the far off execution engine.
It is a CLI-based totally tool. You can use Git to put in it. It gives an asynchronous record server to hurry up file serving. It also offers a number of modules to cope with running systems, tools/packages and cloud structures. The consumer can create custom modules in PyDSL or Python. Halite is a Web UI of Salt. Salt has a particularly modular and extensible design to aid various programs. The Salt gadget has exceptional module types to manage particular movements such as remote execution and country control behaviour.
The modules can be label into six organizations:
- Execution modules are use for direct execution from the far off execution engine
- State modules are use for the lower back-quit of the Salt CM machine
- Grains are use for detecting static information approximately a device
- Renderers are use to render the information exceeded to the Salt country device
- Returners allow the go back records generate by way of the far off execution to be back to an arbitrary location Runners are applications achieve by using the Salt-run command.
www.chef.ioVagrant isolates dependencies and configuration inside a single disposable, efficient and regular environment. It additionally provides consistent workflow for developing and testing infrastructure control scripts.
Chef is one of the most popular SCM tools. Essentially a framework for infrastructure improvement. It presents guide and applications for framing ones infrastructure as code. It offers libraries for building up an infrastructure, which can be deployed without difficulty. They produces constant, shareable and reusable additives, which are referre to as recipes and are use to automate infrastructure. It contains the Chef server, laptop, repository and the Chef consumer.
This is the significant registry or brain of the entire method and acts as a hub. It contains facts about the infrastructure and the cookbooks, which are use to educate Chef on how every node should be configure
- This is mount at the nodes; it contacts the Chef server, fetches cookbooks and executes them at the nodes. The chef-customer does the actual configuration.
- Chef gives diverse tools for designing the infrastructure. These are based on high-level programming languages which include Python and Ruby.
- Ohai, a system profiling device
- Shef, an interactive debugging console for trying out and exploring Chefs behaviour
- Chef-Solo, a configuration management tool
- Chef purchaser, an agent that runs on the gadget managed by using Chef to speak with the Chef server Knife, a multi-cause command line device .
Another SCM tool usually used is Puppet. It was first delivered in 2005 as an open supply configuration control tool. It is writte in Ruby. This CM gadget lets in defining the country of the IT infrastructure, and then mechanically enforces an appropriate country.
It is use to manage the configuration of UNIX-like and Microsoft Windows systems. The consumer describes the structures assets and their state, both through the usage of Puppets declarative language or a Ruby DSL. Records is save in documents called Puppet manifests. It discovers machine data through a software called Facter and compiles it right into a device-specific catalogue containing resources and their dependencies, which are implement against the goal systems.
When an software is deploy or is working with inner software, then Puppet automates each step of the shipping processfrom the provisioning of physical and virtual machines, to reporting code improvement through checking out, updates and product launch. It ensures stability, reliability and consistency. It additionally aids near collaboration between developers and sys admins, allowing more green shipping of code.
Once Puppet is install, each node (physical server, tool or digital gadget) within the infrastructure will have a Puppet agent hooked up on it.
Bcfg2 or bee-config is an open supply 5th-generation CM device that assists in configuration evaluation, visualising con?Guration statistics, configuration auditing, service deployment and reporting equipment. It has a valuable configuration version that allows directors to manipulate the configuration of compute assets efficaciously. Bcfg2 uses the XML model for configuration specification. Thus, Bcfg2 uses XML schema validators and the custom schemas included in Bcfg2 to validate configuration specifications. It is portable and can be complete on GNU/Linux distributions inclusive of openSUSE, Red Hat/RHEL, Fedora, Gentoo, CentOS, Debian, Ubuntu, FreeBSD, OpenBSD, OpenSolaris, Solaris, AIX, Mac OS X, etc. It permits constant, repeatable and verifiable descriptions of the target environment. Bcfg2 has client-server architecture.
- Interprets the literal configuration provided by the Bcfg2 server
- Plays all consumer configuration or reconfiguration
- Does now not need client-facet processing of the configuration
- Uploads a set of information to the Bcfg2 server
- It is privy to the way to put into effect declarative configuration modifications
- Accepts network descriptions and converts them into a series of configuration specs
- Manages information supplied by clients
- Keeps tune of records for clients
- Takes data from a pool of metadata that describes customers, and from the file device repository for mappings from metadata to literal configuration
SmartFrog (Smart Framework for Object Groups) is an open supply device writte in Java. It is use to manage configuration, deployment and orchestration of numerous disburse additives that comprise a sturdy gadget. A prototype-primarily based object-orientated language or domain-specific language is use for thing configuration. It encapsulates structures in this sort of way that it is simple to manage components, to put in them automatically and to de-provision.