Top 10 Long Rivers in India

 

Rivers are herbal flowing water our bodies, typically of clean water, that glide in the direction of either an ocean, a lake, a sea or every other river. Rivers are the supply of water for lots functions which include consuming, irrigation, transportation, drainage, hydro-energy, meals and different activities. The lengths of the rivers vary depending upon the place they cover. The Indus River is the longest river in India and flows via Pakistan.

1. Indus

2.Brahmaputra

3. Ganga

4. Godavari

5. Narmada

6. Krishna

7. Yamuna

8. Mahanadi

9. Kaveri

10. Tapi

1. Indus River :-

Indus River, Tibetan and Sanskrit Sindhu, Sindhi Sindhu, or Mehran, high-quality trans-Himalayan river of South Asia. It is one of the longest rivers inside the global, with a length of some 2,000 miles (three,2 hundred km). Its total drainage location is set 450,000 square miles (1,165,000 rectangular km), of which 175,000 rectangular miles (453,000 rectangular km) lie inside the ranges and foothills of the Himalayas, the Hindu Kush, and the Karakoram Range; the relaxation is in the semiarid plains of Pakistan.

The river’s annual float is ready fifty eight cubic miles (243 cubic km)—two times that of the Nile River and 3 instances that of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers combined. The river’s conventional call derives from the Tibetan and Sanskrit name Sindhu. The earliest chronicles and hymns of the Aryan peoples of historic India, the Rigveda, composed approximately 1500 BCE, point out the river, which is the source of the u . S .’s call.

2.Brahmaputra River :-

Brahmaputra River, Bengali Jamuna, Tibetan Tsangpo, Chinese (Pinyin) Yarlung Zangbo Jiang or (Wade-Giles romanization) Ya-lu-tsang-pu Chiang, most important river of Central and South Asia. It flows a few 1,800 miles (2,900 km) from its source within the Himalayas to its confluence with the Ganges (Ganga) River, after which the mingled waters of the two rivers empty into the Bay of Bengal.

Along its course the Brahmaputra passes via the Tibet Autonomous Region of China, the Indian states of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam, and Bangladesh. Therefore, For most of its period, the river serves as an essential inland waterway. It is not, but, navigable among the mountains of Tibet and the plains of India. In its lower course the river is each a writer and a destroyer—depositing big portions of fertile alluvial soil but additionally causing disastrous and frequent floods.

3. Ganga River :-

Ganges River, Hindi Ganga, high-quality river of the plains of the northern Indian subcontinent. Although officially in addition to popularly called the Ganga in Hindi and in other Indian languages, across the world it is recognised by its conventional call, the Ganges. From time immemorial it’s been the holy river of Hinduism. For maximum of its course it’s far a huge and gradual stream, flowing thru one of the maximum fertile and densely populated areas in the world. Despite its significance, its period of 1,560 miles (2,510 km) is highly brief as compared with the other exquisite rivers of Asia or of the arena.

4. Godavari River :

Godavari River, sacred river of central and south eastern India. One of the longest rivers in India, its overall period is about 910 miles (1,465 km), and it has a drainage basin of some 121,000 rectangular miles (313,000 rectangular km). The Godavari River rises in northwestern Maharashtra country in the Western Ghats range. Simplest approximately 50 miles (eighty km) from the Arabian Sea, and flows for maximum of its direction. Usually eastward throughout the extensive plateau of the Deccan (peninsular India).

After traversing vital Maharashtra it enters northern Telangana state northwest of Nizamabad and keeps through a large valley and, for a short stretch, bureaucracy the border with Madhya Pradesh state to the north. The river then turns southeastward for the ultimate two hundred miles (320 km) of its course. Flowing thru a gap in the Eastern Ghats ranges and then throughout Andhra Pradesh country earlier than reaching the Bay of Bengal. Therefore, There it empties thru its mouths: the Gautami Godavari to the north and the Vasishta Godavari to the south.

5. Narmada River :-

 

Narmada River, additionally known as Narbada or Nerbudda. River in significant India that has always been an critical direction between the Arabian Sea and the Ganges (Ganga) River valley. The river was known as Namade with the aid of the second-century-CE Greek geographer Ptolemy.

The Narmada rises at an elevation of approximately 3,500 ft (1,080 metres). Within the Maikala Range in jap Madhya Pradesh country at the border with Chhattisgarh country. It first follows a tortuous route thru the hills close to Mandla and then turns northwest to bypass the metropolis of Jabalpur. There it turns southwest after which enters the structural trough between the Vindhya and Satpura levels at Marble Rocks Gorge. Turning greater westward, the river keeps across Madhya Pradesh until it passes into Gujarat nation. The Narmada enters the Gulf of Khambhat via an estuary thirteen miles (21 km) huge, just beneath Bharuch.

Draining the northern slopes of the Satpura Range alongside its 800-mile (1,300-km) direction. It flows through the Hoshangabad plains, the Dhar upland, the Mahishmati plains, and the gorges at Mandhata and Murakta. The river has severa waterfalls, substantially the Dhuandhar Falls, southwest of Jabalpur. Its tributaries on occasion cause floods in the valley among the degrees.

6. Krishna River :-

Krishna River, previously Kistna, river of south-critical India. One of India’s longest rivers, it has a total path of approximately 800 miles (1,290 km). The river rises in western Maharashtra kingdom inside the Western Ghats range near the metropolis of Mahabaleshwar. Now not a long way from the coast of the Arabian Sea. It flows east to Wai and then in a typically southeasterly course beyond Sangli to the border of Karnataka state.

There the river turns east and flows in an irregular route across. North-central Karnataka after which to the southeast and into southwestern Telangana nation. It then veers southeast and then northeast, forming a portion of the border with Andhra Pradesh nation. Turning east it flows into Andhra Pradesh to its delta head at Vijayawada, and from there flows. Southeast and then south till it enters the Bay of Bengal.

7Yamuna River :-

Yamuna River, additionally called Jumna, essential river of northern India, broadly speaking in Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh states. It is one of the country’s maximum-sacred rivers.

The Yamuna rises at the slopes of the Bandarpunch massif. Inside the Great Himalayas close to Yamnotri (Jamnotri) in western Uttarakhand. It flows in a southerly route hastily thru the Himalayan foothills and, exiting Uttarakhand. Onto the Indo-Gangetic Plain, alongside the border between Uttar Pradesh and Haryana state to the west. The Eastern and Western Yamuna canals are fed from the river at that point.

The Yamuna then passes Delhi, in which it feeds the Agra Canal. South of Delhi, and now wholly inside Uttar Pradesh. It turns southeastward close to Mathura and passes Agra, Firozabad, and Etawah. Below Etawah it receives a number of southern tributaries. The biggest of which might be the Chambal, the Sindh, the Betwa, and the Ken. Near Allahabad, after a path of approximately 855 miles (1,376 km), the Yamuna joins the Ganges (Ganga) River. The confluence of the two rivers is an particularly sacred area to Hindus and is the website online of annual. Gala’s, in addition to the Kumbh Mela. That’s held every 12 years and is attended by means of thousands and thousands of devotees.

8. Mahanadi River :-

Mahanadi River, river in central India, rising within the hills of southeastern Chhattisgarh state. The Mahanadi (“Great River”) follows a total course of 560 miles (900 km) and has an estimated. Drainage area of 51,000 square miles (132,a hundred square km).

It is one of the most-active silt-depositing streams in the Indian subcontinent. Its higher route runs north as an insignificant circulation, draining the japanese Chhattisgarh Plain. After receiving the Seonath River, beneath Baloda Bazar, it turns east and enters Odisha country. Its glide augmented through the drainage of hills to the north and south. At Sambalpur the Hirakud Dam at the river has fashioned a man-made lake 35 miles (55 km) lengthy; the dam has numerous hydroelectric turbines. However, Below the dam the Mahanadi turns south alongside a tortuous direction. Piercing the Eastern Ghats via a wooded area-clad gorge.

Bending east, it enters the Odisha plains near Cuttack and enters. The Bay of Bengal at False Point through numerous channels. The river substances numerous irrigation canals, specifically near Cuttack. Puri, at considered one of its mouths, is a famous pilgrimage website.

9. Kaveri River :-

Kaveri River, Kaveri also spelled Cauvery, sacred river of southern India. Therefore, It rises on Brahmagiri Hill of the Western Ghats in southwestern Karnataka state. Flows in a southeasterly route for 475 miles (765 km) through the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, and descends. The Eastern Ghats in a chain of incredible falls.

Before emptying into the Bay of Bengal south of Cuddalore, Tamil Nadu. The river breaks right into a huge variety of distributaries forming a huge delta called the “garden of southern India”.  Known to religious Hindus as Daksina Ganga (“Ganges of the South”). The Kaveri River is celebrated for its surroundings and sanctity in Tamil literature. And its complete path is taken into consideration holy floor. The river is also crucial for its irrigation canal tasks.
Its uppermost path is tortuous, with a rocky bed and excessive banks under luxuriant vegetation.

After passing through a narrow gorge and tumbling approximately 60 to 80 feet (18 to 24 metres). Inside the rapids of Chunchankatte, the river widens approximately 900 to at least one,two hundred feet (275 to 365 metres). Across the Karnataka Plateau. There its flow is interrupted by means of a number of anicuts or weirs. At the Krishnaraja Sagara, the Kaveri is joined by tributaries, the Hemavati and Lakshmantirtha, and dammed for irrigation. However, Forming a 12-square-mile (31-rectangular-km) reservoir.

10. Tapi River :-

Tapti River, Tapti also spelled Tapi, river in imperative India. Rising in the Gawilgarh Hills of the crucial Deccan plateau in south-primary Madhya Pradesh state. It flows westward among two spurs of the Satpura Range. Across the Jalgaon plateau location in Maharashtra country, and via the plain of Surat in Gujarat. Nation to the Gulf of Khambhat (an inlet of the Arabian Sea). It has a total duration of about 435 miles (700 km) and drains a place of 25,200 rectangular miles (65,300 square km). For the last 32 miles (fifty one km) it’s miles tidal but is navigable with the aid of small vessels.

 

The port of Swally Hole, on the river’s mouth, widely known in Anglo-Portuguese colonial history. Is now deserted, having come to be silted up. The Tapti flows kind of parallel to the longer Narmada River to the north. From which it is separated by way of the primary a part of the Satpura Range. The two river valleys and the intervening variety shape the herbal barrier between northern and peninsular India. Therefore, The Tapti River’s three foremost tributaries—the Purna, Girna, and Panjhra—waft from the south in Maharashtra state.

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